Differences between revisions 16 and 17
Revision 16 as of 2011-11-10 00:34:42
Size: 3264
Editor: slojuggler
Comment: sys.modules may have issues when packaging things up. I found I had to import the os module to get things to compile...
Revision 17 as of 2011-11-10 00:54:07
Size: 3260
Editor: slojuggler
Comment: correction. it's actually sys and not os. will be adding sys correction momentarily.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 53: Line 53:
    import win32com, os     import win32com

The Problem

py2exe doesn't find imported win32com.shell module, and creates invalid distribution without this file. As a result, an application that uses this module may crash at random or miss some features.

For example version 0.2 of winshell.py from Tim Golden (a thin wrapper around Windows Shell-Functions) starts with:

   1 from win32com import storagecon
   2 from win32com.shell import shell, shellcon

py2exe reports that something is missing:

The following modules appear to be missing
['Interface', 'intSet', 'mxDateTime.__version__', 'win32com.shell']

and starting the program leaves:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "xxxxxx.py", line 33, in ?
  File "xxxxxxx.pyo", line 9, in ?
  File "winshell.pyo", line 27, in ?
ImportError: No module named shell

in the log.file.


win32com does some magic in order to allow loading of COM extensions during run time. The actual extensions reside in the win32comext directory under site-packages and can't be loaded directly. win32com's __path__ variable has been changed to point to both win32com and win32comext. py2exe's modulefinder can't handle runtime changes in __path__ so we have to tell it about the change beforehand.


Without shame I browsed Spambayes source code and found the code to fix it.

   1 # ...
   2 # ModuleFinder can't handle runtime changes to __path__, but win32com uses them
   3 try:
   4     # py2exe 0.6.4 introduced a replacement modulefinder.
   5     # This means we have to add package paths there, not to the built-in
   6     # one.  If this new modulefinder gets integrated into Python, then
   7     # we might be able to revert this some day.
   8     # if this doesn't work, try import modulefinder
   9     try:
  10         import py2exe.mf as modulefinder
  11     except ImportError:
  12         import modulefinder
  13     import win32com
  14     for p in win32com.__path__[1:]:
  15         modulefinder.AddPackagePath("win32com", p)
  16     for extra in ["win32com.shell"]: #,"win32com.mapi"
  17         __import__(extra)
  18         m = sys.modules[extra]
  19         for p in m.__path__[1:]:
  20             modulefinder.AddPackagePath(extra, p)
  21 except ImportError:
  22     # no build path setup, no worries.
  23     pass
  25 from distutils.core import setup
  26 import py2exe
  28 # ...
  29 # The rest of the setup file.
  30 # ...

And this worked.


The following products included workaround:

  • Spambayes
  • Mercurial
  • hgsvn

Ideal proposal

py2exe should detect such well-known problems with well-known modules, and when win32com.shell is missing, a workaround should be automatically applied with a corresponding log message:

The following modules appear to be missing
['Interface', 'intSet', 'mxDateTime.__version__', 'win32com.shell']
Applying automatic workaround for known problem with win32com.shell

py2exe should also fail if required modules are missing unless some --force key in effect.

win32com.shell (last edited 2021-08-24 23:35:23 by JimmyRetzlaff)